H207 Modern East Asia
|Office: F12, Tamarack
Office hours: MW:
9-10am, 1-2:30pm, 3:45-4:15pm
Two sets of transliterations are used for Chinese words in this course: pinyin and Wade-Giles. The Chang book uses Wade-Giles, and the Link book use pinyin. The former was developed by a British envoy and a missionary in late 19th/early 20th century China, a system to transliterate Chinese words into the English language. Because its audience were Westerners, its pronunciation is Westerner-friendly. The pinyin system was developed in China after 1958 to establish an alphabetical system for the Chinese language. Because its audience is the Chinese, the pronunciation captures original Chinese pronunciations accurately but is not friendly to Westerners. The following is a link of conversion between the pinyin and Wade-Giles system to facilitate our readings: Wade Giles to Pinyin conversion.
Dower, John. Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II. W.W.Norton, 1999.
In the Realm of A Dying Emperor: Japan at Century's End (ISBN:
0679741895). Random House, 1991.
Link, Perry. Popular China. Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.
East Asian history source book is an online sourcebook that we will
also use for required readings in this course.
Sourcebook of Chinese Civilizations
Method of grading: all grades are assigned in percentages, which will be tabulated at the end of the semester and converted to letter grades. The averages of your take-home papers and of your weekly writing assignments will be taken to represent the grades for your take-home paper and weekly writing assignment. The conversion is as follows: 93-100: A; 90-92: A-; 85-89: B+; 80-84: B; 75-79: B-; 70-74: C+; 65-69: C; 60-64: C-; 55-59: D+; 50-55: D; 45-49: D-; 44 and below: F.
The grade distribution is as follows:
Class attendance: 3 per
cent (for those who miss class no more than four times. For those who miss
class more than four times, they receive 0 for their class
There is no extra credit for this course. The grade distribution is spread out among a wide range so that if you did not do well on one item, it might be compensated for by better grades from other items.
All grades will be shown in your Online Gradebook, accessible via Oncourse, under "Tools". You need to have an IUN ID and password to access Oncourse. If you do not have an IUN email account, you can set up one here at https://itaccounts.iu.edu/. Oncourse is also accessible through the IUN homepage: www.iun.edu.
For a brief overview of modern Chinese history, view the following link: Modern China.
Jan.9 Introduction: Modern China and Japan. Notes.
Discussion question 1: If you were a leader of the U.S., how would your response to England's request for trade resemble or differ from that of Emperor Qian Long to Lord Macartney's?
Week 2 (Jan.16-22): China's defeat in the Opium War. The Opium Monopoly.
Jan.16 Martin Luther King's Day. No class.
Discussion question 2: Compare Commissioner Lin's letter to those of Emperor Qian Long's almost half a century earlier. Do you see any changes in the perception of the outside world? Do you think the Treaty of Nanking could have been avoided if Emperor Qian Long had agreed to trade with Britain?
Week 3 (Jan.23-29) Decisions on reform.
Jan.23 Readings: Emperor Kuang Hsu's Attempted Reforms, 1898; Imperial Edict to Abolish the Imperial Examinations, 1898. Notes.
Discussion question 3: From an American point of view, what was interesting about the reform bill of 1898?
4: How do you respond to the different approaches the Chinese
reformers took toward incorporating Western culture into China?
Jan.30 Chinese women
before Communist takeover. Chang, chaps.1-5. Notes.
Feb.1 Women and post-1949 political movements, Chang, chaps.6-11. Notes
Discussion question 6: How do you think Chang's mother balanced her roles as a woman and a political/revolutionary being before and after 1949?
Week 5 (Feb.6-12)
Discussion question 7: How did Mao Zedong compare with the Chinese nationalists discussed above?
Discussion question 8: How did republican China compare to our definition of a republic?
Week 6 (Feb.13-19)
Feb.13 The Cultural Revolution.
For an introduction of the Cultural Revolution, visit the following
Feb.15 The end of the
Cultural Revolution. Chang, chaps.23-28. For notes: see the second half of
notes of Feb.13.
Week 7 (Feb.20-26)
Feb.20 Market economy,corruption, and social protest.
Link, chaps.2 & 5. Notes
Feb.22 Market economy and women. Link, chaps.3, 6.
Notes Online reading
(for comparison and facilitating the paper):
and the Cultural Revolution.
Week 8 (Feb.27-Mar.5)
Feb.27 Market economy and rural migrants. Link,
chaps.7 & 12. Notes Monthly
Mar.1 Chinese expectations of the state and views on democracy. Online reading.
Discussion question 14: Discuss the
trend of political development in post-Mao China.
Question 15: How did President Fillmore and Commodore Perry's letters reflect the attitude of the U.S. toward Japan?
Question 16: Why did the Japanese restore their imperial system in order to modernize?
Week 10 (Mar.13-19) Spring break.
Week 11 (Mar.20-26)
Question 17: Which aspects of the Japanese responses to the Western powers do you think were ingenious, and which parts were not very good?
Mar.22 Meiji, Taisho, and early Showa, society and politics (1868-1930s) Notes.
Question 18: Did Japanese politics become more conservative or liberal in the 1920s and early 1930s? Why?
Question 19: What was Japan's plan for its place in Asia? Was Pearl Harbor inevitable?
Mar.29 The end of the war and defeat. Dower, chaps.1& 2. Notes Online reading: American prisoners of war working in China under Japanese rule Monthly quiz.
Question 20: What were the major changes in Japanese politics and society brought about by the American occupation?
Week 13 (Apr.3-9)
Apr.3 Reforming Japanese society. Dower, chaps. 6 & 8. Notes
Question 21: What reforms took place in Japan? Who were the greatest supporters of the American reform?
Apr.5 Changes in the role of the emperor. Dower, chaps. 9 & 10. Notes
Question 22: Who made the decisions on what to do with the emperor? What was the advantage to keeping the emperor in MacArthur's views?
Week 14 (Apr.10-16)
Apr.10 Evaluating the Tokyo trial. Dower, chap.15. Notes
Question 23: What were some problems caused by not trying the emperor at the Tokyo trial? and the significance of these problems for the future?
Apr.12 Okinawa and postwar Japan. Field, chapt.1. Notes.
Question 24: What does the story here say about the Japanese memory of World War II on mainland Japan? and on Okinawa?
Week 15 (Apr.17-23)
Apr.17 Shintoism and postwar Japan. Field, chapt.2. Notes.
Question 25: Did the separation of state and Shinto really take place? What is the significance of treating Shintoism as a culture and not as a religion, as one of the tourist guides did in the story?
Apr.19 The emperor and postwar Japan. Field, chapt.3. Notes.
Question 26:What made the mayor of Nagasaki stand out and criticize the emperor? Why did Field tell the story of her uncle and aunt in the same story?
Week 16 (Apr.24-Apr.30)
Apr.24 Japan's economic takeoff. Readings: Postwar economic takeoff.
Question 27: Give some chief reasons for Japan's post WWII economic takeoff.
Apr.26 Japan's recent economic recession. Readings: Decline of the Japanese economy: a brief explanation. NYT article: Japan and China reach new understanding. Monthly quiz.
readings for your reference:
Question 28: What were the main reasons that led to the burst of the economic bubble? What measures do you think may help redress the problems?
Second take-home paper due on May 3. Topic: Describe the process of transformation Japan went through from the 1860s to the 1980s. Do you detect any continuities? Any major departures from the past? Your paper should be based on the two in-class readings on Japan and one outside reading.