G410 China, Japan and the United States in the 20th and 21st Centuries (internet section)
Diana Lin/Spring 2011

Office: Hawthorn Hall 206A
(O)980 6981
Email: dchenlin@iun.edu
Website: www.iun.edu/~hisdcl
Office hours: MW 8:30-10am, 11:30am-1pm or by appt.

Purpose of Course:
This course offers a comprehensive overview of the relationship between China, Japan, and the U.S. in the 20th and 21st Centuries by studying their foreign policies in the contexts of interactions with one another and their relative international impact, from the beginning of Japanese and Chinese modernization in the late 19th century to the present.

Required Readings:
The following two books are available from the IUN Barnes & Noble Bookstore:

Curtis, Gerald L . Getting the triangle straight : managing China-Japan-US relations. Tokyo ; New York, NY : Japan Center for International Exchange, c2010.

Iriye, Akira. Across the Pacific: An Inner History of American-East Asian Relations. Imprint, 1992.

There are also online readings that can be accessed from links on this online syllabus.

Course Requirements:

Requirements include

Method of grading: all grades are assigned in percentages, which will be tabulated at the end of the semester and converted to letter grades. The averages of your take-home papers and of your weekly Essay questions will be taken to represent the grades for your take-home paper and weekly Essay question. The conversion is as follows: 93-100: A; 90-92.9: A-; 85-89.9: B+; 80-  84.9: B; 75-79.9: B-; 70-74.9: C+; 65-69.9: C; 60-64.9: C-; 55-59.9: D+; 50-54.9: D; 45-49.9: D-; 44 and below: F.

The grade distribution is as follows: 

Essay question essays: 16 per cent
Forum postings: 14 per cent
Two campus visits with the instructor: 5 per cent
Book review: 5 per cent
Take-home papers: 30 per cent each
Finishing 90% of homework on time: 1% extra credit

All grades will be shown in your Online Gradebook, accessible via Oncourse. You need to have an IUN ID and password to access Oncourse.

Schedule:

Lesson 1: China and Japan: Modernization and Westernization

Week 1 (Jan.10-16)
1. Introduction. (PPT slides in Oncourse Resources; PPT slides available for ALL readings grouped into one or two lectures a week, following the one or two topics of each week, are or will be available under Oncourse Resources) Also please note that ALL online readings that are not html pages are available from Oncourse Resources.

2. East Asia and America: Mutual perceptions. Iriye, chaps 1 & 2.
Essay question 1 (associated with readings under 2 for this week) : Comment on the initial mutual perceptions between America and East Asia.

Week 2 (Jan.17-23)
1. Japan and China in modernization. Iriye, chap.3 (associated with Lesson 1 Forum question 1)

2. Imperialism in Asia, Japan and the U.S. Iriye, chap.4.
Essay question 2 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): How did Japanese imperialism change the relationship between China, Japan and the U.S. in East Asia?

Lesson 2: Japan’s Expansion and American Reaction in the First half of the 20th Century: World War II and Pearl Harbor.
Week 3 (Jan.24-30)
1. Antagonism between Japan and the U.S. Iriye, chap.5 (associated with Lesson 2 Forum question 2)

2. Growing friendship between the U.S. and China. Iriye, chap.6.
Essay question 3 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): How much was the Sino-U.S. friendship built on mutual antagonism toward Japan?

Week 4 (Jan.31-Feb.6)
1. Japanese invasion of China. Iriye, chap.7 (associated with Lesson 2 Forum question 3)

2 U.S. Japan showdown: Pearl Harbor. Iriye, chap.8.
Essay question 4 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): How did Pearl Harbor affect America’s position in Asia and relationship between China and the U.S.?

Week 5 (Feb.7-13)
1. Rebuilding Japan. Iriye, chap.9. (associated with Lesson 2 Forum question 4)

2. Chinese Communists and the United States 1945-49. Iriye, chap.10
Essay question 5 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): What were the mutual perceptions of Chinese Communists and America? Could they have become friends?

Lesson 3: Postwar Transformation: Industrial Japan, Communist China, and U.S. Foreign Policy.
Week 6 (Feb.14-20)
1. Communist China and the U.S. during the Cold War (1950s-60s). Iriye, chap.11 (associated with Lesson 3 Forum question 5)

2. Communist China and the U.S. through 1990. Online reading: China and America 1941-1991. (Oncourse Resources)
Essay question 6 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): How did the relationship between China and the U.S. evolve over time?

Week 7 (Feb.21-27)
1 Communist China and Japan (1945-90). Online reading: Chinese Japanese Relations, 1945-1990 (JSTOR) (associated with Lesson 3 Forum question 6) (Oncourse resources)

2. Communist China and the beginning of economic reforms. Online reading: Chinese reform after 1978.
Essay question 7 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): What were some of the reasons that prompted Communist China to switch from a state run to a partially market regulated economy?

Lesson 4: Economic Bubbles of the Free World

Week 8 (Feb.28-Mar.6) First take-home paper due through Oncourse on Mar.7. Paper topic: Discuss two or three factors that you think have been key to the relationship between the U.S., China and Japan in the 20th century. The paper should be 10-12 pages, and utilize in-class sources as well as at least one outside source.

1. Japanese economy on decline. Online reading: 1. Japan's Financial Crisis and Economic Stagnation; 2.The End of Japan, Inc? (associated with Lesson 4 Forum question 7) (Oncourse Resources) Optional reading: "Japan's Slow Motion Transition," (located under Oncourse resources)

2 The Asian financial crisis. Online reading: 3.Who Triggered the Asian Financial Crisis? (Oncourse Resources)
Essay question 8 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): How did the Asian economic “melt-down” happen in the 1990s?

Week 9 (Mar.7-Mar.13)
1. From the Asian financial crisis to 9/11. Online reading: 1. Cheng, “Broadening the concept of security in East and Southeast Asia: the impact of the Asian financial crisis and the Sept.11 incident.” (Oncourse Resources) (associated with Lesson 4 Forum question 8)

Lesson 5: The U.S., China, and Japan, in the Post-9/11 era
2. Perspectives on current relationships between the U.S., China and Japan, I. Gerald Curtis, “Getting the Triangle Straight: China, Japan, and the United States in an Era of Change,” in Curtis (2010).
Essay question 9 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): What is Curtis’s perspective on the relationship between these three countries? What do you think?

Week 10 (Mar.14-20) Spring break. No class.

Week 11 (Mar.21-27)
1 Perspectives on current relationships between the U.S., China and Japan, II. Online reading:1. Forget Bretton Woods: the Role for U.S., Japan, China Trilateralism.(Oncourse Resources) (associated with Lesson 5 Forum question 9)

2 China and Japan cooperation and competition. Online readings: 2.On the Economic Interdependence Between China and Japan: Challanges and Possibilities; 3.Japan's Response to China's Rise: Regional Engagement, Global Containment, Dangers of Collision. (Oncourse Resources) Optional reading: Crisis in Japan and Impact on the Rest of the World
Essay question 10 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): What factors influence the relationship between China and Japan today?

Week 12 (Mar.28-Apr.3)
1. U.S., Japan and China: environmental cooperation. Online reading: Japan's environmental cooperation with China during the past two decades; (Oncourse Resources). Addressing climate change: why US-China cooperation lags behind China-Japan cooperation, in Curtis (2010). (associated with Lesson 5 Forum question 10) Optional reading: Nuclear rules in Japan relied on old science.

2. U.S., Japan, China: cooperation in the automobile industries. Cooperation and competition in the Chinese automobile industry: the emerging architecture of China-Japan-US economic relation, in Curtis (2010). Because of Japan's problems, auto dealers see trouble ahead in meeting demand
Essay question 11 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): What are some patterns of cooperation between the three countries in the area of the automobile industry?

Week 13 (Apr.4-10)
1. U.S. Japan relations: Online reading: How Long Will U.S. forces Continue to Occupy Japan and Korea? China, the U.S., and the New Division of Power in the Asia Pacific. (associated with Lesson 5 Forum question 11)

2. US-China relations: online reading: U.S. China relations: Strategic “Reassurance” or Old Fashioned “Rollback?" Optional reading: Maybe Japan Was Just A Warm-Up.
Essay question 12 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): What do you think would be a good approach to U.S.-China relations?

Week 14 (Apr.11-17)
1 Mutual perceptions. Changing Japanese perceptions and China-Japan relations / Chinese public perceptions of Japan and the United States in the post-Cold War era, both in Curtis (2010). (associated with Lesson 5 Forum question 12)

Lesson 6: “Soft power diplomacy”: cultural export and international influences
2. The internationalization of Japanese culture. Online reading: Japan's Gross National Cool (Oncourse Resources)
Essay question 13 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): What do you think is the role of Japanese pop culture in the U.S.?

Week 15 (Apr.18-24)
1 McDonalds in China. Online reading:1. China's Big Mac Attack (Oncourse Resources) (associated with Lesson 6 Forum question 13)

2 China’s assertion of “soft power.” Online readings: 2.The Cultural Crusades (on Confucius Institute); 3. Keeping up with the neighbors, China's soft power ambitions.(Oncourse Resources) 4.Guest Teaching Chinese, and Learning America.
Essay question 14 (associated with readings under 2 for this week): Is “soft power diplomacy” going to affect American popular perceptions of China?

Week 16 (Apr.25-May 1)
Paper preparation and writing.

Week 17
Second paper and book review due on May 5 via Oncourse Messages. It is a research paper around 10 pages, based on in-class readings and outside research. You need to have discussed your paper topic with me by the end of the 14th week.