G410 China, Japan and the United States in the 20th and 21st Centuries
Diana Lin/Spring 2011

Office: Hawthorn Hall 206A
(O)980 6981
Email: dchenlin@iun.edu
Website: www.iun.edu/~hisdcl
Office hours: MW 8:30-10am, 11:30am-1pm or by appt.

Purpose of Course:
This course offers a comprehensive overview of the relationship between China, Japan, and the U.S. in the 20th and 21st Centuries by studying their foreign policies in the contexts of interactions with one another and their relative international impact, from the beginning of Japanese and Chinese modernization in the late 19th century to the present.

Required Readings:
The following two books are available from the IUN Barnes & Noble Bookstore:

Curtis, Gerald L . Getting the triangle straight : managing China-Japan-US relations. Tokyo ; New York, NY : Japan Center for International Exchange, c2010.

Iriye, Akira. Across the Pacific: An Inner History of American-East Asian Relations. Imprint, 1992.

There are also online readings that can be accessed from links on this online syllabus.

Course Requirements:
Requirements include

Grade distribution:

Method of grading: all grades are assigned in percentages, which will be tabulated at the end of the semester and converted to letter grades. The averages of your take-home papers and of your weekly writing assignments will be taken to represent the grades for your take-home paper and weekly writing assignment. The conversion is as follows: 93-100: A; 90-92.9: A-; 85-89.9: B+; 80-  84.9: B; 75-79.9: B-; 70-74.9: C+; 65-69.9: C; 60-64.9: C-; 55-59.9: D+; 50-54.9: D; 45-49.9: D-; 44 and below: F.

Schedule:

Week 1 (Jan.10-16)
Jan.10 Introduction.

Jan.12 East Asia and America: Mutual perceptions. Iriye, chaps 1 & 2.
Discussion question 1: Comment on the initial mutual perceptions between America and East Asia.

China and Japan: Modernization and Westernization
Week 2 (Jan.17-23)
Jan.17 Japan and China in modernization. Iriye, chap.3
Discussion question 2: How did the modernization in China and Japan lead the two countries in different directions?

Jan.19 Imperialism in Asia, Japan and the U.S. Iriye, chap.4.
Discussion question 3: How did Japanese imperialism change the relationship between China, Japan and the U.S. in East Asia?

Japan’s Expansion and American Reaction in the First half of the 20th Century: World War II and Pearl Harbor.
Week 3 (Jan.24-30)
Jan.24 Antagonism between Japan and the U.S. Iriye, chap.5
Discussion question 4: Comment on factors that led to growing hostility between the U.S. and Japan in the 20th century.

Jan.26 Growing friendship between the U.S. and China. Iriye, chap.6.
Discussion question 5: How much was the Sino-U.S. friendship built on mutual antagonism toward Japan?

Week 4 (Jan.31-Feb.6)
Jan.31 Japanese invasion of China. Iriye, chap.7.
Discussion question 6: What caused the Japanese invasions of 1931 and 1937? Could the world have stopped it?

Feb.2 U.S. Japan showdown: Pearl Harbor. Iriye, chap.8.
Discussion question 7: How did Pearl Harbor affect America’s position in Asia and relationship between China and the U.S.?

Week 5 (Feb.7-13)
Feb.7 Rebuilding Japan. Iriye, chap.9.
Discussion question 8: What was the place of Japan in the postwar political map of the world by the United States?

Feb.9 Chinese Communists and the United States 1945-49. Iriye, chap.10
Discussion question 9: What were the mutual perceptions of Chinese Communists and America? Could they have become friends?

Postwar Transformation: Industrial Japan, Communist China, and U.S. Foreign Policy.
Week 6 (Feb.14-20)
Feb.14 Communist China and the U.S. during the Cold War (1950s-60s). Iriye, chap.11.
Discussion question 10: Describe the Chinese-Japanese-American relationships in the first decades of the Cold War.

Feb.16 Communist China and the U.S. through 1990. Online reading: China and America 1941-1991.
Discussion question 11: How did the relationship between China and the U.S. evolve over time?

Week 7 (Feb.21-27)
Feb.21 Communist China and Japan (1945-90). Online reading: Chinese Japanese Relations, 1945-1990 (JSTOR).
Discussion question 12: Discuss what factors influenced the development of the Chinese-Japanese relationship from the 1950s to the end of the Cold War.

Feb.23 Communist China and the beginning of economic reforms. Online reading: Chinese reform after 1978.
Discussion question 13: What were some of the reasons that prompted Communist China to switch from a state run to a partially market regulated economy?

Economic Bubbles of the Free World
Week 8 (Feb.28-Mar.6) First take-home paper due through Oncourse on Mar.6. Paper topic: Discuss two or three factors that you think have been key to the relationship between the U.S., China and Japan in the 20th century. The paper should be 10-12 pages, and utilize in-class sources as well as at least one outside source.

Feb.28 Japanese economy on decline. Online reading: Japan's Financial Crisis and Economic Stagnation; The End of Japan, Inc? Optional reading: "Japan's Slow Motion Transition," (located under Oncourse resources)
Discussion question 14: Discuss the factors that led to Japanese economic recession.

Mar.2 The Asian financial crisis. Online reading: Who Triggered the Asian Financial Crisis?
Discussion question 15: How did the Asian economic “melt-down” happen in the 1990s?

Week 9 (Mar.7-Mar.13)
Mar.7 From the Asian financial crisis to 9/11. Online reading: Cheng, “Broadening the concept of security in East and Southeast Asia: the impact of the Asian financial crisis and the Sept.11 incident.”
Discussion question 16:  How did the Asian Economic Crisis and 9/11 affect U.S., China, and Japan relations?

The U.S., China, and Japan, in the Post-9/11 era
Mar.9 Perspectives on current relationships between the U.S., China and Japan, I. Gerald Curtis, “Getting the Triangle Straight: China, Japan, and the United States in an Era of Change,” in Curtis (2010).
Discussion question 17: What is Curtis’s perspective on the relationship between these three countries? What do you think?

Week 10 (Mar.14-20) Spring break. No class.

Week 11 (Mar.21-27)
Mar.21 Perspectives on current relationships between the U.S., China and Japan, II. Online reading: Forget Bretton Woods: the Role for U.S., Japan, China Trilateralism.
Discussion question 18: How does Funabashi compare with Curtis in his delineation of the trilateral relationship among the three countries?

Mar.23 China and Japan cooperation and competition. Online readings: On the Economic Interdependence Between China and Japan: Challanges and Possibilities; Japan's Response to China's Rise: Regional Engagement, Global Containment, Dangers of Collision. Optional reading: Crisis in Japan and Impact on the Rest of the World
Discussion question 19: What factors influence the relationship between China and Japan today?

Week 12 (Mar.28-Apr.3)
Mar.28 U.S., Japan and China: environmental cooperation. Online reading: Japan's environmental cooperation with China during the past two decades; Addressing climate change: why US-China cooperation lags behind China-Japan cooperation, in Curtis (2010). Optional reading: Nuclear rules in Japan relied on old science.
Discussion question 20: How does cooperation in environmental industry affect the relationship of the three countries?

Mar.30 U.S., Japan, China: cooperation in the automobile industries. Cooperation and competition in the Chinese automobile industry: the emerging architecture of China-Japan-US economic relation, in Curtis (2010). Optional reading: Because of Japan's problems, auto dealers see trouble ahead in meeting demand.
Discussion question 21: What are some patterns of cooperation between the three countries in the area of the automobile industry?

Week 13 (Apr.4-10)
Apr.4 U.S. Japan relations: Online reading: How Long Will U.S. forces Continue to Occupy Japan and Korea? China, the U.S., and the New Division of Power in the Asia Pacific.
Discussion question 22: What factors influence American decisions of troop deployment in Japan?

Apr.6 US-China relations: online reading: U.S. China relations: Strategic “Reassurance” or Old Fashioned “Rollback?” Optional reading: Maybe Japan Was Just A Warm-Up
Discussion question 23: What do you think would be a good approach to U.S.-China relations?

Week 14 (Apr.11-17)
Apr.11 Mutual perceptions. Changing Japanese perceptions and China-Japan relations / Chinese public perceptions of Japan and the United States in the post-Cold War era, both in Curtis (2010).
Discussion question 24: Describe how the Japanese and the Chinese view each other.

“Soft power diplomacy”: cultural export and international influences
Apr.13 The internationalization of Japanese culture. Online reading: Japan's Gross National Cool
Discussion question 25: What do you think is the role of Japanese pop culture in the U.S.?

Week 15 (Apr.18-24)
Apr.18 McDonalds in China. Online reading: China's Big Mac Attack
Discussion question 26 What American culture and values do Chinese customers “digest” through the McDonalds in China?

Apr.20 China’s assertion of “soft power.” Online readings: The Cultural Crusades (on Confucius Institute); Keeping up with the neighbors, China's soft power ambitions. Guest Teaching Chinese, and Learning America.
Discussion question 27 Is “soft power diplomacy” going to affect American popular perceptions of China?

Week 16 (Apr.25-May 1)
Apr.25 Round table discussion of the relations between the U.S., China and Japan in the 21st century.

Apr.27 Conclusion.

Week 17
Second paper and book review due on May 5 via Oncourse Messages. It is a research paper around 10-12 pages, based on in-class readings and outside research. You need to have discussed your paper topic with me by the end of the 14th week.