G200/G385 Modern China
Office: Hawthorn Hall 206A
(O)219 980 6981
Web page: http://www.iun.edu/~hisdcl
Office hours: MW 9:00-10am, 11:30am-1pm or by appointment
Purpose of Course
This course is a survey of modern China, from around 1840 to 1949. While its very definition is a product of colonialism, modern China developed with a distinct blend of traditional and modern Western elements. The readings primarily deal with four important themes in modern Chinese history, gender, education, commerce, and politics. Additional lectures provide perspectives on the Chinese countryside and the origins of the contemporary regime in historical perspective. This course provides a good starting point for understanding many of the changes taking place in China today.
G200 serves as a 200 level Asian history course for the history major or a 200 level Asian history elective for the non-history major.
G385 meets the requirements for:
The following two books are required readings available at the IUN campus Barnes and Noble bookstore.
Cheng, Pei-kai. The Search for Modern China: A Documentary History. Norton, 1999.
Roderick, John. Covering China. Chicago, IL.: Imprint, 1993.
Other required readings are JSTOR articles available from Oncourse under Resources. Off-campus access requires your IUN email account.
Learning Materials Available via Oncourse:
I. Two take-home papers, each 8-10 pages, typed, double spaced. The papers need citations.
II. Weekly quizzes: open book quizzes each week (usually Mondays) on questions for readings in the previous week.
All homework and correspondence with the instructor are to be conducted via Oncourse. However, if you have questions about Oncourse, you can email me at my regular email address at email@example.com until the problems are resolved. Correspondence through Oncourse guarantees your homework will be securely transmitted and preserved. Consequently, I expect you to check your Oncourse email also for any course announcements and correspondence from me and possibly other classmates.
Method of grading: all grades are assigned in percentages, which will be tabulated at the end of the semester and converted to letter grades. The averages of your take-home papers and of your weekly writing assignments will be taken to represent the grades for your take-home paper and weekly writing assignment. The conversion is as follows: 93-100: A; 90-93: A-; 85-89.9: B+; 80-84.9: B; 75-79.9: B-; 70-74.9: C+; 65-69.9: C; 60-64.9: C-; 55-59.9: D+; 50-54.9: D; 45-49.9: D-; 44 and below: F.
The grade distribution is as follows:
For those taking the course at the 200 level:
For those taking the course at the 300 level:
A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilizations
yahoo`s China site
Collection of photographs of Madame Soong Mei-ling
China and Europe, 1500-2000 and beyond.
MIT Visualizing Cultures
John Thompson's Images of China 1873-4
Week 1 (Aug.29-Sept.4)
Aug.29 Introduction. Notes Online reading: Modern Chinese history (There is no homework associated with this online reading for week 1; but please read through it briskly once. You will need to refer back to this text later on, including as background for the second reading assignment for week 1.)
Aug.31. China in the Qing Dynasty. Cheng, pp.58-81. Notes.
Quiz essay #1: How did the Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty run his government? How does that differ from how you think government should be run?
Week 2 (Sept.5-11)
Sept.5 Labor Day. No class.
Sept.7 China's relationship with the West in the 18th century. Cheng, chap.6. Online reading: Rise and Fall of the Canton Trade System I. Rise and Fall of the Canton Trade System II. Rise and Fall of the Canton Trade System III. Rise and Fall of the Canton Trade System IV. Notes.
Quiz essay #2: Based on emperor Qianlong's two letters to King George, what was China’s attitude toward relations with other countries during the 18th-19th centuries?
Week 3 (Sept.12-18)
Sept.12 Chinese society and educational system: Benjamin Elman, "Political, Social and Cultural Reproduction via Civil Service Examinations in Late Imperial China" (in Oncourse Resources). Notes.
Quiz essay #3: How did the imperial examination system sustain the imperial social and political structures in pre-1905 China?
Quiz essay #4: How did Britain and China go to war over opium?
Week 4 (Sept.19-25)
Sept.19 Introduction of new ideas: religion. Cheng, chap.8. Notes.
Quiz essay #5: Give examples of how Liang Fa (8.2) and the Taipings (8.4 & 8.5) approached and interpreted Christianity.
Sept.21 The Qing Dynasty in reform. Cheng, chap.9. Discussion of "essential" and "peripheral" cultures--the beginning of cultural borrowing. Notes.
Quiz essay #6: Describe some characteristics of the approaches to reform by intellectual reformers (Yan Fu and Feng Guifen, and Liang Qichao and Sun Yatsen), and reform-minded government officials (Zhang Zhidong, Zen Guofan, Prince Gong).
Week 5 (Sept.26-Oct.2)
Sept.26 The downfall of the Qing Dynasty. Cheng, chaps.10 & 11. Notes.
Quiz essay #7: What were some main justifications for the 1911 revolution? Do you think the revolution was inevitable?
Quiz essay #8: Describe politics in the early years of the Chinese republic: do you think the republic had a solid basis?
Week 6 (Oct.3-9)
Oct.3 China in disintegration. Edward McCord, "Cries That Shake the Earth: Military Atrocities and Popular Protests in Warlord China," (in Oncourse Resources). Notes.
Quiz essay #9: Did Chinese politics get worse after the republican revolution? Why or why not?
Oct.5 The New Culture Movement and changes in Chinese values. Readings: Selected Stories, Lu Hsun (1918-1926); required readings: Note and preface, True Story of Ah Q, and New Year's Sacrifice. Cheng, 13,2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5. Notes.
Quiz essay #10: What kind of changes did the Chinese try to make to their cultures? How do you explain their radicalism to tradition?
Week 7 (Oct.10-16)
Oct.10 Science as tool for national salvation. Zuoyue Wang, "Saving China Through Science" (in Oncourse Resources). Notes.
Quiz essay #11: Do you think that, in the pursuit of science, the Chinese appropriately seized the right instrument to strengthen their nation?
Oct.12 Modern educational reform. Barry Keenan, "Educational Reform and Politics in Early Republican China" (in Oncourse Resources). Notes.
Quiz essay #12: How would modern educational reform transform China from the social and political structures under the imperial examination system?
Week 8 (Oct.17-23) First take-home examination due via Oncourse Assignments email attachment on Sunday Oct.23. Paper topic: Pick your point of observation and explore one or two aspects of change in modern China. Take into consideration the following: to what extent did the change take place; how ready the Chinese society/individual were for the change, and how long lasting did the changes promise. The paper needs to be 8-10 pages, typed, double-spaced. You need to use our required readings and one external source. Citations are required in the paper, e.g. (Cheng, p.123). or link to the online articles. A bibliography is needed at the end.
Oct.17 Doing business in modern China. Wellington Chan, "Personal styles, cultural values and management: The sincere and wing on companies in Shanghai and Hong Kong 1900-41" (in Oncourse Resources)
Quiz essay #13: How did the traditional and modern practices get blended in China's first modern department stores? What contributed to their success or failure?
Oct.19 Sports and Chinese modernity. Andrew Morris, "'To Make the Four Hundred Million Move,' The Late Qing Dynasty Origins of Modern Chinese Sport and Physical Culture." (in Oncourse Resources)
Quiz essay #14: How did sports develop out of a blend of Chinese traditions and Western practices?
Week 9 (Oct.24-30)
Oct.24 The limits to the freedom of the new woman. Louise Edwards, Policing the Modern Woman in Republican China. (in Oncourse Resources) Notes.
Quiz essay #15: What were the limitations to the new woman in Chinese cities?
Oct.26 Modern political parties: the Nationalists and Communists. Cheng, chap.14. Notes.
Quiz essay #16: What made possible the development of these two political parties? Why could they not get along?
Week 10 (Oct.31-Nov.6)
Oct.31 The Nationalist Party and Chinese capitalists. Parks Coble, "The Kuomintang Regime and the Shanghai Capitalists, 1927-29." (on Oncourse Resources)
Quiz essay #17: Do you think that, as a ruling regime, the Nationalist Party's policies toward the Shanghai capitalists were good? Why or why not?
Nov.1 The rise of Chinese Communism. Robert Scalapino, "Mao Zedong 1919-1921" (in Oncourse Resources). Online reading Mao Zedong: The Early Years. Farmers and the Chinese Revolution. Cheng, 16.6 &16.7.Notes
Quiz essay #18: What was Mao Zedong's background and how did he transform from a New Culture youth to a Communist?
Week 11 (Nov.7-13)
Nov.7 The fate of democratic politics in modern China. Edmund Fung, "Social Democracy in China's Modern Transformation" (in Oncourse resources). Notes.
Quiz essay #19: Do you think China could have developed into a viable democratic party system based on the Communist and Nationalist parties? Why or why not?
Nov.9 The Nationalist government and Japanese invasions. Cheng, chaps.15 & 16 (to 16.5) Notes.
Quiz essay #20: How do you assess the effectiveness of the Nationalist administration?
Week 12 (Nov.14-20)
Nov.14 World War II in China. Cheng, 17.1-17.6 Notes.
Quiz essay #21: Why did the Nanjing Massacre take place?
Nov.16 Communists in Yanan. Roderick, chap.2. Cheng, 17.7.Mao: Mao: The Tasks of the Chinese Communist Party in the Period of Resistance to Japan. Notes.
Quiz essay #22: How did the Chinese Communist Party build its rationale and status during the war against Japan?
Week 13 (Nov.21-27)
Nov.21 The last days of the Nationalist rule. Roderick, chap.3. Cheng, 18.1-18.3 Notes.
Quiz essay #23: Why did the Nationalist and Communist negotiations break down and the two resort to civil war again?
Nov.23 Online viewing: China in revolution 1911-49, part 1; China in revolution part 2; China in revolution part 3; China in revolution part 4; China in revolution part 5; China in revolution part 6; China in revolution part 7; China in revolution part 8; China in revolution part 9; China in revolution part 10.
Quiz essay #23.5: How does the description of transition from an empire to a republic and the problems involved in the process in the documentary "China in Revolution" compare with what we have covered in class, in terms of information covered and perspective?
Week 14 (Nov.28-Dec.4)
Nov.28 Mao's vision of the future. Cheng, 18.4-18.5. Notes.
Quiz essay #24: How do you think Mao's "democratic dictatorship" compared with democracy?
Nov.30 Communist victory. Roderick, chaps.4 & 5.
Quiz essay #25: Why do you think the Communists won against the Nationalists in the end? Could America have intervened and brought about a different outcome? Do you think Communist rule was a better alternative than Nationalist rule?
Week 15 (Dec.5-11)
Dec.5 The Chinese civil war from an American perspective. John K. Fairbank, "Can We Compete in China?" "Toward a Dynamic Far Eastern Policy," and "China's Prospects and U.S. Policy." (All available in Oncourse resources)
Completion of second paper proposal by Dec.5 and beginning of second paper writing. External sources for the second take-home paper may come from IU library resources including JSTOR, Project Muse, and other online electronic journals from IUN and IUK libraries.
Dec.7 Last day of class. Conclusion.
Week 16 (Dec.12-18)
Second paper for those taking the course as G200 due by email attachment through Oncourse on Dec.14. Topic: discuss how the Nationalists and Communists served as political leaders of China, both during the war against Japan and during other times. Do you think that civil war and one party rule in China was inevitable? Could democracy have had a chance in China in the 1940s? The paper needs to be 8-10 pages, typed and double spaced.
Those who are taking the course at the 300 level need to find their own topic related to the readings in the second half of the semester that does not overlap with their first paper topic. It should be a research paper based on multiple external sources, on a topic approved of by the instructor , and be 8-10 pages, with a bibliography and citations.