Dr. Ken Schoon
Ancient Shorelines and Settlements
Kenneth J. Schoon
For information call (219) 980-7766
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Where you can buy Calumet Beginnings
Cook County, Illinois
Borders, Chicago (N. Michigan Ave) (312) 573-0564
Borders, Chicago (State St.) (312) 606-0750
Chicago Historical Society, Chicago (312) 799-2262
Seminary Coop Bookstore, Hyde Park (773) 752-4381
Walden Books, Calumet City (708) 868-2755
Lake County, Indiana
Miles Books, Highland (219) 838-8700
Borders, Highland (219) 922-1103
IUN Bookstore, Gary (219) 980-6765
Barnes and Noble, Hobart (219) 736-7788
Center for Visual and Performing Arts, Munster (219) 836-1839
Purdue University Calumet Bookstore, Hammond (219) 989-2322
Indiana Welcome Center (off I-80/94), Hammond (219) 989-7770
Porter County, Indiana
Barnes and Noble, Valparaiso (219) 531-6551
Valparaiso University Bookstore (219) 464-5421
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Visitors Center (219) 926-7561
LaPorte County, Indiana
Bookstore in the Works, Michigan City (219)-879-3993
Indiana University Bloomington Bookstore
various Barnes and Noble stores in Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan
If you know of other locations selling this book, please let me know
Thanks so much.
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Errata and Addenda
Cover / Dust jacket
Unfortunately 2 errors are on the first set of dust jackets. The inside front cover noted that the glaciers left the Calumet Area about 45,000 years ago. This should be 14,000 years ago. Then on the inside back cover, the photographer who took and gave permission for the use of the front cover was given credit for taking my photo. IUPress corrected these errors with the second printing.
Page ix: 3rd paragaph
Printings 1 and 2 only: Matt Figi was inadvertently omitted.
Mark Hankey's name is misspelled. It should have been Hoenke.
Printings 1 and 2 only: The numbers in the text (#1 - #5) are reversed from the numbers in Figure 1 (#5 - #1).
Caption: Diorama should read Mural
Printings 1 and 2 only: Last paragraph, sentence 3 should begin: "In 1941 Serbian mathematician Milutin Milankovitch . . . ."
Explanation: The Little Calumet River does have three outlets, but not all the time. All three Calumet Rivers are extremely flat and water in sections can flow in either direction depending upon, among other things, rainfall and water level. Burns Ditch and the Cal-Sag Channel are normal outlets for the Little Calumet River; however, the Calumet River which runs through South Chicago, which once was an outlet, is no longer. The O'Brien Lock and Dam on the Calumet River normally prevents any water from the Little Calumet River from entering Lake Michigan. However, if after heavy rains the Little Calumet floods, water may indeed go through the lock and flow northward into the Lake.
Printings 1 and 2 only: Paragraph 3, sentence 3, should read, "Finally, a few industrial sites were planned by speculators
who envisioned great ports on Lake Michigan and so platted cities on or near the lakefront."
Page 81: Sidebar about "air lines"
Explanation for printings 1 and 2: In 1881 the Monon Railroad (then the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago Railway) merged with the Chicago & Indianapolis Air Line Railway (which at that time did not extend to either Chicago or Indianapolis). The Monon then extended that line into Chicago. Air Line Junction was the intersection of the Chicago and Cincinnati Air Line and the Chicago and Indianapolis Air Line.
The last word of the second-to-last line should be "build."
Line 7: delete the words "South Carolina's." Jefferson Davis was born in Kentucky, moved to, and was electecd to the Senate from Mississippi.
Pages 125-26 (Lansing)
Second paragraph, page 125, should say August Hildebrandt not John Hildebrandt.
Third paragraph, page 126: Trinith Lutheran began . . . in 1864, not 1867.
Printings 1 and 2 only: First line of first new paragraph, should be Apollo 8 astronaut.
Second paragraph notes that Bethlehem Steel's mills opened two years later . Not all of Bethlehem's mills opened at the same time. The first, a 160-inch sheared plate mill, opened in 1964. Mills to produce cold-rolled sheets and tin plate and hot-rolled sheet were completed in 1965. Others were completed later. Bethlehem is now owned by ISG.
Last full paragraph, 4th line. Replace 350 with 546.
First line: After restored, insert: to something akin.
Second full paragraph: Remove the words and the Clark and Pine. Also remove the words Nature Preserves
Last paragraph, sixth line: Repace three with four.
* * *
Do you know of any other errors in Calumet Beginnings?
Please tell me the error, the correction, and some documentation that verifies the correction.
Thanks so much for doing this.
Please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Misconceptions about the Calumet Area
Misconception: "Lake Michigan used to be salty (like the ocean)."
Misconception: "The Lake County Courthouse is on the highest land in Crown Point (or Lake County)."
Misconception:"Fancher Lake in Crown Point is bottomless."
Misconception: "There is an underground tunnel between Fancher Lake in Crown Point and Cedar Lake. They say that years ago a man drowned in Fancher Lake and his body was washed up in Cedar Lake."
Misconception: "Dinosaur bones have been found in the Calumet Area."
Conception:"Blue Island and Stony Island (Pill Hill) were once real islands."
"Hobart Island" in the Hobart/Merrillville area was also an island during the Glenwood phase of Lake Michigan's history.
Misconception:"The first French explorers in the Calumet Area were Claude Allouez and Claude Dablon."
Unfortunately Goodspeed and Blanchard, in their Counties of Porter and Lake (1882) went one step further by saying“The first Europeans whose visits were recorded were fathers Claude Allouez and Claude Dablon [they again gave no source]. "These famous missionaries landed upon the lake shore, and traversed the country to the Kankakee River." This error then was copied by numerous other early authors.
However, the first explorers for whom we really do have any written records were Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet. He crossed the Chicago Portage in 1673, wintered near the portage in 1674-75, and then passed through the Calumet Area (most likely down the Grand Calumet River) in the spring of 1675.
Misconception:"The Kankakee River was explored by the French as early as 1620."
Misconception:"Lake County's first courthouse, a log building, was floated down the Little Calumet River to Blue Island."
Misconception: "More earth was moved in building U.S. Steel's Gary Works than was moved in building the Panama Canal."
Do you know of other common Calumet Area misconceptions?
Please let me know and I'll add them to the list.
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Where are they now?
Historian Timothy Ball (in his 1873 book) noted that in1850 a steel nail was found inside the trunk of a huge oak tree growing near Cedar Lake. He noted that it was covered by 170 of the annual rings of the tree. That would date the nail’s insertion into the tree to about 1680--the same time as LaSalle's expedition down the Kankakee River.
Does anyone know where that nail is today?
Both George Brennan in 1923 and Powell Moore in 1959 referred to a silver lavorium (baptismal font and lid) that was found in the sand at Miller Beach, near the former mouth of the Calumet River. According to Moore, the object was sent to Paris where scholars dated it as a 16th century object. Moore also noted that it was in the posession of Daniel Kelly, a Valparaiso lawyer. Both historians speculate that it might have been dropped by Father Jacques Marquette who camped at or near this beach in 1675. Through the efforts of the Valparaiso Public Library, I was able to contact Mr. Kelly's nephew, now a west coast lawyer. Unfortunately, the nephew had no knowledge of the story and after checking with family members could shed no light on it.
Does anyone know where that lavorium is today?
Does anyone know of any descendants of Allan and Julia Brass?
Does anyone know of any descendants of the Green family or information about the Green Tavern at New City West?
Does anyone have information about the Underground Railroad in the Calumet Area?
Can you help locate these artifacts?
It would have been nice to include a picture of them in Calumet Beginnings.
Now, it would be nice to place those pictures here on the web.
If you can offer help, please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Useful links to historical, geological,
and environmental organizations
Do you know of other links I should have here?
Please let me know and I'll add them to the list.
Email me at email@example.com