|Ronald D. Cohen
||Robert F. Moran, Director
|James B. Lane
||Fall / Winter 1997-98
||Stephen McShane, Archivist
"Let's Get Ourselves Together"
30 Years Ago: Democratic Mayoral Candidate
Richard G. Hatcher (right)
with United Steelworkers of America leaders
(left to right) John L. Howard, Peter Calacci and Joseph Germano, October 27,
Together, we shall walk through our valleys of hope;
together, we shall climb the steep mountains of opportunity,
for we seek a high and beautiful new plateau--a new plateau of
economy and efficiency in government; a new plateau of progress
in government; a new plateau where every man, Democrat and Republican,
rich and poor, Jew and Gentile, black and white, shall live in
peace and dignity.
Gary is a rising sun. Together, we shall beat a way;
together, we shall turn darkness into light, despair into hope
and promise into progress. For God's sake, for Gary's sake--let's
get ourselves together.
With these words, Richard Gordon Hatcher became the first African-American
mayor of Gary, Indiana, on January 1, 1968. Indeed, he had won
election the previous November as one of the first black mayors
elected in a major northern industrial city and the first in the
State of Indiana. There is no doubt that Richard G. Hatcher's entrance
into Gary's mayoralty would serve as a key episode in the history
of the Calumet Region and beyond.
commemorate the thirtieth anniversary of that historic occasion,
the Calumet Regional Archives has listed its collections which deal
with Richard G. Hatcher's twenty-year tenure as Gary's mayor. While
the Archives lacks the official papers of Richard G. Hatcher at this
time, a number of collections provide some information on the Hatcher
era. We have listed brief descriptions below. For more information,
please contact the Archives at 219-980-6628 and visit our site on
the World Wide Web at www.iun.edu/~cra.
The Archives would welcome additional collections and materials on
this subject. Please contact
at the Archives.
Richard G. Hatcher with Sammy Davis, Jr.,
Richard Hatcher Collection
0.50 Linear Feet
These records trace Richard Hatcher's career as major of Gary since his landmark
victory in 1967. Photographs, campaign material, speeches, and inaugural ball
programs provide information on Mr. Hatcher's views and activities as the first
black mayor of this large Midwest industrial city.
Robert Catlin Papers
0.50 Linear Feet
Robert Catlin served as an urban planning consultant to the Hatcher Administration
during the 1980's. In that role, he produced numerous articles and reports
on city projects, as well as analyzing the planning processes used at that
time. His collection contains several of those reports, including the Gary
2000 master plan, and an insightful article entitled, "The Decline and Fall
of Gary, Indiana," in the journal Planning, Vol. 54, No. 6, June 1988.
Clifford E. Minton Papers
5.00 Linear Feet
Among his many accomplishments, Clifford Minton served as the executive director
of the Gary Urban League during a crucial period of civil rights activity.
His collection includes correspondence, minutes, reports, speeches, and other
materials documenting the work of the Urban League. In addition, his many newspaper
commentaries in recent years have included subjects dealing with Gary's history
and the Hatcher years.
Leonard Dreyfus Papers
0.75 Linear Feet
Len Dreyfus served the Hatcher Administration in a variety of roles, one of
which was producing graphic and print materials for campaigns and social programs.
His collection contains materials from the Gary Human Relations Commission,
the Black National Political Convention of 1972, and the Concentrated Employment
Program (CEP) in Gary. In addition, memorabilia from several Hatcher campaigns
are preserved in the collection.
Richard Hatcher with Robert F. Kennedy
during his visit to Northwest Indiana, 1968
Henry Coleman Papers
0.25 Linear Feet
This collection provides a general record of the political and civic activities
of William Henry Coleman from 1967 to 1977. Mr. Coleman managed the 1967 and
1971 mayoral campaigns of Richard Gordon Hatcher. He served as the head of
Gary's General Services Administration, 1968-1972, becoming City Controller
in 1973. The collection contains newsarticles, several documents relating to
the elections, and various files from city offices.
Kelsie Heard Papers
0.25 Linear Feet
A member of United Steelworkers of America Local 1066, Kelsie Heard was active
in politics in and out of the union hall. Minutes and related materials from
the Civil Rights / Black Labor Committee of USWA Local 1066 provide helpful
data on the civil rights movement in the union. In addition, several files
in this collection offer insight into Gary city elections.
Charlene Crowell Papers
3.00 Linear Feet
Serving as a special assistant to Mayor Hatcher, Charlene Crowell produced
a number of documents for the mayor. Her papers encompass a substantial series
of Richard Gordon Hatcher speeches from the 1970's and 1980's, as well as correspondence
and memoranda from the mayor's final term in office. Other files offer information
on various city departments, particularly the Gary Sanitary District, along
with reports on the Lake Sandy Jo Landfill. Photographs of Mayor Hatcher and
city events complement the records (as this Newsletter went to press, Ms. Crowell
donated several additional boxes of material to the Archives, which will be
processed and added to her collection).
Al Boswell Papers
4.75 Linear Feet
Actor / teacher / director / writer Alger Boswell of Gary donated his collection
of local theater programs and pamphlets to the Archives in 1996. The materials
encompass productions from the Gary Community School Corporation and Indiana
University Northwest, as well as community theater groups such as the Gary
Music Theater and The Company Players. In addition, the Boswell Papers comprise
programs from numerous local organizations and events, including the Miss Gary
and Miss Black America pageants, as well as political functions, including
several involving Richard G. Hatcher.
Valuable insights on the Richard G. Hatcher era have been gained through some
recent interviews with the former mayor. In particular, see Steel
Shavings magazine, volumes 21 and 25, available from the Archives.
Also, IUN Professor James B. Lane has just written a chapter on Richard G.
Hatcher for a forthcoming book, African-American Mayors, to be published
in 1998. Finally, the recent video documentary on Gary's history, The Magic
City of Steel (available at the IUN Library Circulation Desk and in the
Archives), contains some recollections by Richard G. Hatcher of his tenure
in the mayor's office.